What Are Spaying and Neutering?
Spaying and neutering are surgical procedures performed by veterinarians that render cats and dogs incapable of breeding by removing their reproductive organs. When a female pet is spayed (also called an ovariohysterectomy), the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus are removed. Neutering results in the castration of males and the complete removal of their testicles.
What Are the Health Benefits of Spaying and Neutering?
Spayed pets are less likely to develop breast cancer and will not be at risk for ovarian or uterine cancer, while neutered males will not get testicular cancer. By neutering males, you also reduce the risk of injury and transmission of disease, since intact males have a natural instinct to roam and get into fights with other animals, who may have contagious diseases or parasites.
Why Should I Spay or Neuter My Pet?
In addition to the many health benefits, spaying or neutering your pet ensures that he or she won’t contribute to the pet overpopulation problem. Even a pet who lives indoors may escape and produce kittens or puppies if not sterilized. Each year, millions of homeless animals are euthanized or end up in shelters due to a lack of good homes.
What Happens When My Pet Is Spayed or Neutered? Will He or She Act Differently?
After sterilization, your pet may be calmer and less likely to exhibit certain behaviors, but his or her personality will not change. Contrary to myth, a neutered pet does not become lazy and overweight. Fixed males do require fewer calories to maintain their body weight, so please talk to your vet about adjusting your cat’s dietary needs.